Prostate diseases often come first in men of reproductive age. Their causes and types are different. The most common pathology is prostatitis - inflammation of the prostate gland. The insidiousness of the disease lies in the fact that the symptoms of prostatitis in men are latent for a long time.
What is the prostate in men?
The prostate, the prostate gland is a sex accessory gland in the male reproductive system. In its shape, it resembles a chestnut. The mass of the organ is in the range of 12–20 g. In its structure, the prostate is like a sponge, consisting of many small cavities in which the secretion of the prostate gland is formed. Through many tiny ducts, the secret enters the urinary canal during intercourse.
The body is divided into 3 zones:
According to the observations of doctors, pathologies are mainly exposed to the middle and tail zones. Neoplasms, malignant tumors are localized directly in them. Given these features, if a pathology is suspected, specialists examine these areas of the prostate gland among the first.
Where is the prostate located?
The prostate gland in men is activated and begins to grow with the onset of puberty. This process is controlled by sex hormones. This androgen-dependent organ is located below the bladder. Through the prostate passes the initial part of the urethra. The excretory ducts of the prostate open into the urethra.
Considering the pelvis as a whole, we can say that the prostate is in the center. It wraps around the bladder neck and proximal urethra. With its apex, the prostate gland is in contact with the pelvic diaphragm, above which the external urethral sphincter is located. Dorsally, the gland borders on the ampulla of the rectum, through which a digital examination of the prostate is often performed.
What is the prostate gland responsible for?
The functions of the prostate gland are as follows:
- The production of fluid that forms the liquid part of semen.
- Conversion of testosterone to its active form, dihydrotestosterone.
- The formation, together with the muscles of the neck of the bladder, of the internal sphincter, which is involved in the process of urination.
- Participation in the process of the act of ejaculation.
Prostatitis - types
Before highlighting the main symptoms of prostatitis in men, it is necessary to consider the existing types of the disease. Inflammation of the prostate, depending on the form of the violation, the clinical picture is divided into the following types:
- Acute prostatitis- severe inflammation of the prostate gland, which develops as a result of a bacterial infection.
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis- characterized by a sluggish course, periods of exacerbation alternate with remission.
- Chronic pelvic pain syndrome- a difficult to diagnose form of prostatitis, manifested by constant pain in the pelvic area.
- Asymptomatic chronic prostatitis- does not have a pronounced clinical picture, is detected by chance, according to the results of a urinalysis.
- Granulomatous prostatitis- is considered as a side effect of drug therapy for other diseases. Prostate tissue is gradually replaced by connective tissue.
Inflammation of the prostate - causes
Inflammation of the prostate gland in men can provoke various causes. However, in most cases they are associated with a neglectful attitude of the stronger sex to their health.
Among the factors provoking the development of pathology, doctors call:
- infections of the genitourinary system;
- circulatory disorders in the pelvic organs due to a sedentary lifestyle;
- prolonged absence of sexual relations, interrupted sexual intercourse;
- decreased local immunity;
- frequent hypothermia;
- hormonal imbalance in the body;
- lack of vitamins and minerals;
- non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.
Inflammation of the prostate gland of an infectious nature is a consequence of the entry of pathogenic microorganisms into the prostate. The process can proceed in acute or chronic form.
An important role in the development of infectious prostatitis is played by provoking factors, including:
- severe hypothermia of the body;
- stressful situations;
- increased physical activity;
- bad habits (nicotine, alcohol);
Chronic inflammation of the prostate in most cases is non-infectious. Factors contributing to the development of this form of pathology are not fully understood.
Among the possible specialists are the following:
- irregular sex life;
- hormonal disruptions in the body;
- increased body weight;
- sedentary type of work;
- constant stress;
- genetic predisposition;
Signs of prostatitis in men and its symptoms
Symptoms of prostatitis in most cases go unnoticed for a long time. Periodic pain in the groin area, a violation of sexual function, many men consider as a temporary phenomenon. In 90% of cases, the development of inflammation of the prostate gland is manifested by a decrease in sexual activity, problems with ejaculation, and difficulty urinating. In the acute form, the disease is accompanied by a deterioration in general well-being.
When an exacerbation of prostatitis occurs, the symptoms in a man are the following:
- increase in body temperature;
- general weakness;
- increased sweating;
- pain in the perineum, radiating to the anus and pubis;
- difficult urination.
The first symptoms of prostatitis
The first symptoms of prostate inflammation in men that you need to pay attention to are sexual dysfunction. A man complains of worsening erection or its complete absence. Ejaculation is also disturbed, orgasm is weakened. Similar symptoms of prostatitis in young men negatively affect sexual relationships, so they soon begin to avoid them so as not to fall in the eyes of their lovers. This leads to mental depression, constant tension and anxiety, which aggravates the situation.
Symptoms of prostatitis - what does it hurt?
Painful sensations during inflammation of the prostate occur mainly with the development of an acute form of the disease. Their localization may be different. So, back pain with prostatitis is fixed by about 50% of patients. In most cases, men experience excruciating pain in the perineum, scrotum, which radiate to the sacrum.
The intensity of painful sensations can vary: from aching, unpleasant sensations to pain that does not allow you to fall asleep at night. Increased pain can be noted during intercourse, with excessive sexual activity, during ejaculation. These symptoms of prostatitis in men often appear among the first.
Urination with prostatitis
Considering the inflammation of the prostate, the symptoms of the disease, among other signs, doctors distinguish a violation of the process of urination.
Patients often complain of the following nature:
- frequent urge to urinate;
- lack of feeling of an empty bladder after going to the toilet;
- difficulty in urination.
- In most cases, it all starts with the fact that a man cannot empty his bladder normally. The prostate, becoming inflamed, increases in volume and gradually compresses the urethra.
- Progressive inflammation leads to the development of sclerosis of the bladder neck. As a result, the patient has frequent urge to go to the toilet.
- The chronic form is characterized by nocturnal urination: a man is forced to get out of bed and go to the toilet in the middle of the night.
- All this is accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the groin area. Sometimes, these are the only symptoms of chronic prostatitis.
Allocations for prostatitis
Talking about what symptoms can be observed with prostatitis, doctors also name discharge from the genital tract among the possible manifestations of the disease. The most common of these disorders is prostorrhea. It occurs with a decrease in the tone of the prostate gland and indicates the presence of an inflammatory process in the gland. In such cases, the discharge appears after the act of urination or defecation.
The consistency of the discharge from the genital tract resembles a thick, whitish-milky liquid. When in the prostate, in addition to inflammation, infectious agents are also present, the color of the discharge changes to translucent with a yellowish tint. At the same time, the man notes severe discomfort in the anus and itching in the urethra.
Allocations are more often noted in the daytime, after active movements, the implementation of prostate massage. Similar symptoms of prostatitis in men are forced to consult a doctor and undergo an examination.
temperature for prostatitis
Acute inflammation of the prostate in men is always accompanied by hyperthermia. Body temperature with a similar disease often rises to 39 degrees.
A man notices the appearance of the following symptoms:
- sharp pains in the lower abdomen;
- pain in the perineum;
- pain in the process of emptying the bladder;
- discomfort and discomfort during defecation.
The temperature in most cases occurs only at the beginning of the inflammatory process. Over time, after taking antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drugs, its normalization is observed. The lack of treatment and medical care at this stage is fraught with the progression of prostatitis and the transition of the disease into a chronic form.
Why is prostatitis dangerous?
Doctors recommend starting treatment with the appearance of the first clinical symptoms of the disease. For this, a man needs to contact a urologist already if he is suspected of having a disease. The consequences of prostatitis can be very diverse: from sexual dysfunction to problems with conception and secondary infertility. The probability of developing such a pathology is 40% in the absence of proper therapy. The most formidable complication is prostate adenoma - a tumor of a malignant nature.
Other negative effects include:
- depression and apathy.