Prostatitis: what is this disease and how to treat it

Prostatitis is usually called the inflammatory process that develops in the prostate gland in men. This disease has unpleasant symptoms and is fraught with the development of complications, one of which is infertility. So what is prostatitis and how dangerous is the disease for the health of the male genitourinary system? With these questions, it is recommended to contact a urologist. This doctor will tell you exactly why prostatitis occurs, what kind of disease prostatitis is and how to treat it correctly.

The lack of timely medical care causes the transition of inflammation into a chronic form. With symptoms of prostate disease, treatment should be started without delay. Otherwise, the infection can cause dangerous consequences, including tissue hyperplasia. Since it is extremely difficult to cure acute prostatitis on your own, immediately contact a urologist. With an unfavorable course, the disease causes inflammation of the testicles, appendages, kidney structures.

Reasons for development

Among modern men, damage to the prostate gland is not uncommon. It is diagnosed today both as an independent disease and as one of the symptoms of urological disorders - urethritis, prostate adenoma, cancer, kidney pathologies.

The causes of prostatitis are usually associated with the action of infectious agents and predisposing factors. Inflammation is caused by staphylococci, E. coli, enterococci and other common pathogens. It is extremely important to establish the causes of the disease in inflammation of the prostate so that an effective drug therapy can be selected.

At-risk groups

Examination by a doctor will help identify the causes of prostatitis

At risk are people with weakened immune systems, sexually transmitted diseases, injuries of the genitourinary organs, and the habit of holding urination. Not all men know why prostatitis is dangerous, what it is and what factors can trigger the development of the disease. A frivolous attitude to one's health often leads to a protracted course of the inflammatory process. The educational work of urologists helps to form a correct idea about such a disease as prostatitis and its possible consequences.

Predisposing factors

Urologists pay special attention to the likely causes of prostatitis: treatment will be much more effective if the main predisposing factors are influenced. This will help to significantly reduce the risk of periodic exacerbation of the inflammatory process.

Possible causes of prostate disease:

  • exacerbation of kidney disease;
  • injuries of the genitourinary organs;
  • hypothermia;
  • increased radiation exposure to the body;
  • spread of infection from other pelvic organs;
  • violations of the usual rhythm of sexual activity;
  • long stay in a sitting position;
  • compression of the genitals with tight underwear, trousers and jeans;
  • development of urological diseases, infection with venereal infections;
  • chronic stress;
  • general suppression of the immune system.

If you develop prostatitis, the causes of the disease should be determined by a qualified specialist. First of all, you need to contact a urologist. He will conduct an examination and prescribe a comprehensive examination.

Blood stasis as the main cause of prostatitis

Effective treatment of prostatitis at home is impossible without eliminating the factors that cause stagnant processes in the pelvis. Violation of blood flow causes peroxidation of fats, the release of exudative fluid, the appearance of internal swelling of the tissues of the gland. This creates favorable conditions for the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. Having found out the probable causes of inflammation, you can understand how to cure prostatitis at home without the disease turning into a dangerous chronic form.

Diagnostic methods

To understand how to treat prostatitis in a particular man, it is necessary to conduct a diagnosis. Only then can certain drugs and techniques be selected. Based on the results of laboratory and instrumental studies, the urologist can determine how to treat prostatitis for a man and how to prevent relapses in the future.

The main diagnostic methods for inflammation of the prostate:

  • determination of the level of PSA in the blood;
  • Ultrasound of the prostate;
  • laboratory diagnostics of blood, urine;
  • ureteroscopy;
  • cystoscopy;
  • rectal examination of the gland;
  • urodynamic studies (cystometry, profilometry, uroflowmetry).

Comprehensive diagnostics helps to quickly select an effective treatment for prostatitis at home, prescribe drugs aimed at destroying a specific infectious agent.

PSA test

The PSA test helps not only to detect cancerous processes in the gland, but also to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for already diagnosed tumors and inflammation of the prostate gland. The method makes it possible to increase the effectiveness of therapy and reduce the risk of complications.

Thus, PSA screening, although it is a rather controversial type of early diagnosis of prostate cancer, in most cases it allows you to start treatment on time, which is undoubtedly very important for a person with a chronic course of inflammatory and hyperplastic processes.

In combination with other diagnostic methods that screen out false results of a screening prostate examination, the PSA test is a fairly high-quality way to prevent cancer and monitor ongoing therapy. If several positive results are repeated, prostate tissue is taken for further biological examination.

Symptoms of the disease

Prostatitis in men can have a variety of symptoms, depending on the stage of the disease. The acute form of the disease appears most often against the background of an infection in the pelvic organs and proceeds relatively easily, without symptoms of intoxication and fever. If these signs of prostatitis appear in men, you should immediately contact a urologist in order to start therapy in a timely manner and avoid the development of complications.

Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • frequent, painful urination;
  • pain in the sacrum, genitals and perineum;
  • pain syndrome increases during defecation, sexual intimacy;
  • body temperature rises;
  • there is a feeling of a filled bladder and its partial emptying (due to compression of the ureter by the inflamed prostate);
  • intoxication intensifies, muscle and joint pains appear;
  • urinary retention is possible.
If you suspect prostatitis, you need to do an ultrasound of the prostate gland.

If you have one or more likely signs of inflammation of the prostate, you should contact a specialist. Even if the state of health is satisfactory, the pathological process can proceed with erased signs, but at the same time cause complications.

The course of chronic prostatitis

Chronic inflammatory process is able to proceed almost asymptomatically. Men may experience minor pain when urinating, mild lethargy, chronic fatigue syndrome, and sexual dysfunction.

Men note the following pathological signs (depending on the form and stage of the inflammatory process):

  • pain when urinating;
  • partial or complete retention of urine;
  • pain in the sacrum, perineum;
  • increase in body temperature;
  • severe weakness, impaired performance;
  • painful defecation;
  • decreased libido, impotence.

The erased picture of the chronic form of the disease misleads the patient and delays the visit to the urologist, and delay is fraught with the development of complications: swelling of the prostate, acute urinary retention, prostate abscess, inflammation of the testicles and seminal vesicles, which often leads to irreversible male infertility.

Clinical manifestations of inflammation of the prostate vary depending on the stage of the disease. If the process develops for the first time, then patients feel severe malaise, pain in the pubis and perineum, complain of painful, frequent urination. Body temperature may rise and pus may be discharged from the urethra. In the absence of medical care, the pathological process can be complicated by sepsis, purulent abscess of the prostate gland, vesiculitis, inflammation of the testicles and their appendages (epididymo-orchitis).

Treatment of prostatitis

Prostatitis is being treated at home. Hospitalization is indicated for purulent complications and severe intoxication syndrome. Specialists prescribe antibiotics (taking into account sensitivity), conduct anti-inflammatory therapy. After the acute process subsides, physiotherapy, prostate massage are prescribed.

Since it is possible to treat prostatitis at home only after consulting a doctor, no folk remedies and methods can be used without the permission of a urologist. Unconventional methods are especially dangerous in severe cases of the disease. Home treatment of prostatitis can lead to the transition of pathology into a recurrent chronic form.

Medical therapy

How to effectively cure prostatitis with medicines? Medicines can be effective if they are selected taking into account the nature of the disease. Infectious agents can be identified using laboratory tests. About how the prostate is treated, it is better to ask a urologist.

Of the medicines, the following groups of drugs are used:

  • antibiotics;
  • analgesics;
  • diuretics;
  • anti-inflammatory.

Drugs are prescribed in courses for 2-4 weeks. A good antibiotic with a wide spectrum of action helps to destroy the infection in the tissues of the gland, prevents the spread of infection. Treatment of chronic prostatitis at home lasts up to 4-6 months. The launched inflammatory process is much more difficult to cure and takes longer.


Physiotherapy is used mainly after the elimination of acute symptoms of the disease, when the man's health returns to normal, a full urine outflow is restored. The goal of physiotherapy is to restore normal blood circulation. It is the deterioration of blood flow that contributes to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.

Physiotherapy is especially recommended in the chronic course of the disease. Specialists prescribe laser treatments that have an anti-inflammatory effect, stimulate local immunity, eliminate pain and discomfort, and destroy microbes. Also, with prostatitis, ultrasonic and electromagnetic techniques are used. It is possible to prescribe medicinal microclysters with drugs that have a therapeutic and healing effect.

Prostate massage

How can prostatitis be treated with massage? The method is effective, but it is used a few weeks after the start of treatment, when acute pains go away, urination normalizes. Massage should not be performed by inexperienced people. This can cause serious harm to health.

The technique is based on a gentle effect on the prostate gland. Massage helps to extrude the accumulated inflammatory secretion into the ducts of the organ, from where it enters the urethra and is completely painlessly and safely removed from the body. The method restores blood circulation in the pelvic organs, eliminating the prerequisites for further reproduction of infectious microorganisms. Prostate massage copes well with stagnant processes and increases the effectiveness of antibiotics and other drugs.

General recommendations

It is recommended to change the lifestyle, avoid infection with sexually transmitted diseases, hypothermia, stressful situations. A man should give up tight underwear that squeezes the genitals and disrupts blood circulation in the pelvis. It is recommended to have a regular sexual life, but beware of the transmission of sexually transmitted infections through unprotected intimate contact.

Sharp violations of the diet can provoke a relapse of inflammation of the prostate gland. Do not abuse spices, spices, smoked meats and alcohol. It is also worth giving up strong coffee, overly salty dishes and marinades.

The effectiveness of folk methods

Many are interested and want to know how to cure prostatitis at home without the use of medicines. But medicines, especially antibiotics, are necessary for prostate inflammation. Only with their help it is possible to cure prostatitis at home without infectious complications.

There is an opinion that if the disease provokes hypothermia, then it is not necessary to take antibacterial drugs. Since most men have to treat prostatitis at home, they often refuse antibiotics in favor of traditional medicine. But hypothermia or other seemingly harmless predisposing factors create prerequisites for the reproduction of Escherichia coli, staphylococci and other microorganisms.

Therefore, you should not even try to learn about how to treat the prostate at home in unverified ways. This can be dangerous to the life and reproductive health of a man.