The term "prostatitis" refers to a chronic or acute inflammatory process of any etiology that occurs in the prostate gland. Since the prostate is an exclusively male organ, prostatitis develops only in men. There are many types of prostatitis, but any type of prostatitis can be divided into acute and chronic.
Acute prostatitis occurs under the influence of many factors - the presence of bacteria, viruses, protozoa, under the influence of malnutrition, a sedentary lifestyle, bad habits, and others. >
The prostate is an external secretion gland, that is, the secret that it produces enters the external environment. In humans, the prostate is an unpaired organ whose activity depends on male sex hormones, in particular, androgen and steroid hormones.
The prostate is located behind the bladder, clasping the initial part of the urethra, into which its ducts open.
It is precisely by its location that the prostate owes one of its functions - during an erection, it blocks the exit from the bladder. It is the prostate gland that is responsible for the feeling of orgasm, this happens due to the abundant supply of the gland with nerves, that is, innervation.
One of the first signs of acute prostatitis, regardless of the causes of its occurrence, is a rise in temperature. As with any other inflammatory process that occurs in the body, the temperature rises to subfebrile figures - that is, about 37. 5-380FROM.
Moreover, the more intense the immune response, that is, the body's response, the higher the temperature rises. That is, at the height of the disease, the body temperature can rise up to forty degrees.
Naturally, only a rise in temperature cannot indicate the occurrence of prostatitis.
Usually, the first symptoms of prostatitis are difficulty urinating with the use of additional muscles - the abdominal muscles, violations of the mechanism of ejaculation, itching, burning and other uncomfortable phenomena in the perineum or genitals.
Frequent trips to the toilet
Also, this is an increased urge to urinate (with a small amount of urine being released), a feeling of "residual urine" after emptying the bladder, an unpleasant orgasm, and, as a result, a decrease in libido.
As with any other inflammatory disease, there is an intoxication syndrome, which includes general weakness, decreased performance, nausea, and possibly vomiting.
There is also a disorder of the nervous system - depression, irritability, and others.
What causes prostatitis
There are also factors predisposing to prostatitis - hormonal imbalance, including age, prolonged sexual abstinence, smoking, general hypothermia, stool retention, sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity, overheating, chronic sciatica in history, immunodeficiency states, age-related changes in the body.
It is worth paying special attention to such a predisposing factor as inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, since the infection can spread upward.
It happens that the disease begins with urethritis
The initial stage of prostatitis is characterized by a fairly typical clinical picture - lethargy of the urine stream, frequent urge to urinate, fever. Possible pain in the perineum. Often there is a violation of sexual function.
However, sexual dysfunction is more of a psychological aspect, physiological or clinical weeks. The process of ejaculation itself either does not bring pleasure at all, or even causes pain, to which a conditioned reflex is developed, which leads to a decrease in libido.
Purely physiologically, prostatitis can lead to a lack of potency only at a late stage. The initial stage is also called the stage of "first signs" - the onset of urination does not occur immediately, as usual, but with a slight delay.
Already at this stage, the prostate is enlarged, but, nevertheless, painless on palpation. At the same time, the borders of the prostate are well palpated, and the median sulcus is palpated - as in the norm. The most interesting thing is that the stage of the first signs can last quite a long time - up to three years.
The patients of urologists in recent years are increasingly becoming young people. That is, the inflammation of the prostate gland "gets younger". This is due to the development of "outrageous" recreation - surfing, diving, skiing and kayaking. With inadequate loads and complete hypothermia of the body, prostatitis may occur.
And, paradoxically, a too "calm" lifestyle can also predispose to the development of prostatitis. This is due to stagnation of blood and lymph in the pelvis - a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle is not the best way to disperse blood in the organs.
Not sufficiently cured inflammatory diseases, which may not be associated with the pelvic organs at all, are also factors predisposing to prostatitis. This is due to the fact that the infection (of any etiology) from the primary focus is able to penetrate hematogenously or lymphogenously into the prostate gland. In the presence of congestion in the pelvis, the infection settles there and begins to multiply.
It also happens that prostatitis occurs due to stress. Stress weakens the immune system, thereby increasing the risk of prostatitis.
STDs - "sexually transmitted diseases" - one of the main causes of inflammation of the prostate. Gonorrhea, if not properly treated, almost always causes prostatitis.
However, do not forget that one cannot go from one extreme to another. With prolonged sexual abstinence, stagnation of blood and lymph in the pelvic organs is again formed, a secret stagnates in the prostate, which leads to prostatitis.
The prognosis for timely detection and adequate treatment of this disease is favorable, however, if the disease is left to chance, chronicity or the addition of a secondary infection is possible, which will entail rather sad consequences.